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World’s smallest reptile fits on your fingertip

The Madagascar chameleon Brookesia nana measures half an inch long, and may be critically endangered.

The world’s smallest male reptile can fit right on your fingertip — if its massive genitals don’t get in its way.

Meet Brookesia nana, an extremely tiny species of chameleon from the rainforests of northern Madagascar. Researchers recently described one male and one female of the species in a study published Jan. 28 in the journal Scientific Reports, and they were stunned by the male’s particularly wee dimensions. Measuring just half an inch (13.5 millimeters) from snout to cloaca (that’s the multipurpose hole reptiles use for both excretion and reproduction), the fully grown male is the smallest adult reptile ever described.

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